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Enhancing Biodiversity Co-Benefits From Nature-Based Solutions

This technical report provides a set of recommendations to help plan, design, and implement nature-based solutions (NbS) for adaptation that enhance biodiversity and ecosystem integrity. It responds to a critical knowledge gap in designing, operationalizing, and monitoring “biodiversity-positive” NbS.

This report aims to help civil society organizations and actors who are managing or otherwise supporting climate change adaptation and development projects, including “nature positive” projects under Global Affairs Canada’s Partnering for Climate program.

It was developed through a review of relevant literature, case studies, and discussions with experts. A case studies document also accompanies this report, providing a “deep dive” into the concepts described herein. The report is part of a compendium of resources developed by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) for the Nature for Climate Adaptation Initiative (NCAI), which is supported by Global Affairs Canada. The resources include an introductory guidance note that provides an overview of basic terminology and concepts behind NbS for adaptation and a report on mainstreaming gender equality and social inclusion in NbS for adaptation.